Must and Have to for Strong Obligation Both words must and have to are used to indicate a strong obligation. In the affirmative form, have to has the same meaning as must and is used to express obligations. However, have to is much more flexible than must because we can use it in the past, the present and the future.
Grammar Time: Adjectives and Adverbs for Speculation Specific modal verbs, adjectives and adverbs are used to introduce speculation and deduction. Let's learn to use modal verbs, adjectives and adverbs for speculation. Speculation is the act of guessing possible answers tp a question without having enough information to be certain. Deduction is the process of reaching a decision or answer by thinking
Modal Verbs of Possibility: may, might, could The word "possibility" means that something is possible. Possibility is expressed by the modal verbs may, might, could. The speaker thinks that something is possible, but doesn't know for sure and implies "maybe, perhaps". Let's revise modal verbs of possibility. Exam in Mind Level B1/B2 May, might, could are
Grammar Time: Present and Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Let's focus on using modal verbs of deduction. Exam in Mind Level B1+/B2 Use Modal Verbs of Deduction must (present) and must have (past) when you are very certain that something is/was true can't (present) and couldn't have (past) when you are very certain that something is/was
Grammar Time: Modals of Deduction Modals of deduction about the present We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. The modal verb we choose shows how sure we are about something. Let's learn how to use modals of deduction to say how certain we are about a
Modals to express habits: WILL, WOULD, USED TO Let's revise modals to express habits in present and in past. Exam in Mind Level B1 / B2 Will for Present Habits Will + infinitive can be used when we wish to emphasize actions that are characteristic/predictable of a person, habits and tendencies. Will = tend to:
Using Gerunds or Passive Infinitives Following Need Modal verb need Usually an infinitive follows need: I need to borrow some money. John needs to be told the truth. Need With Gerunds or Passive Infinitives: in certain circumstances, a gerund may follow need. In this case, the gerund carries a passive meaning. Usually the situations involve
Fly High 3 Fly High 3 Lesson 26 You Must Be Brave must - повинен I must clean my teeth every day. I mustn’t run in school. I must always do my best. Students must do their homework. We mustn't cheat in a test. They mustn't football in the classroom. worried - схвильований, стурбований She is worried.
Fly High 3 Lesson 25 Can we make a sandcastle? sandcastle - замок з піску They can make beautiful sandcastles. Yesterday we made a beautiful sandcastle. Can you make a sandcastle? armbands - нарукавники I’ve got my armbands on. The girl swam with her armbands. Did he swim with his armbands? bucket - відро We’ve got three buckets.