What Are Phrasal Verbs?
A phrasal verb is a verb which consists of a basic verb + another word or words. The two or three words that make up a phrasal verb form a short “phrase” that is why they are called “phrasal verbs“.
Exam in Mind Level B1/B2
Learn these phrasal verbs:
bring up – raise a child; to look after a child until he or she becomes an adult (виховувати)
She brought up three sons on her own. He was brought up by his grandmother. My grandparents brought me up after my parents died. Bring up a raven and he’ll pick out your eyes. Many women still take career breaks to bring up children.
catch up with – get to the same point as somebody else (наздогнати)
You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty. Go on ahead. I’ll catch up with you. I want to catch up with all your news. You’ll have to work harder to catch up with the top students in your class. She used the day to catch up with administrative tasks.
fit in with – be socially compatible with other members of a group; be in harmony with other elements in a situation (вписуватися в)
If one activity or event fits in with another, they exist or happen together in a way that is convenient. The building doesn’t fit in with the surrounding area. Your ideas fit in with mine. I wasn’t sure if she would fit in with my friends. It’s true that he could do the job, but would he fit in with the rest of the team?
get away – to escape from a person or place; go on a vacation; to manage to leave a place, especially your work (виїжджати, вириватися, втекти, уникнути)
A police officer grabbed him, but he got away. We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week. On days like today, I just want to get away from it all. He said he’d meet me for lunch if he could get away.
get away with something – do without being noticed or punished (уникнути)
Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests. Don’t think you can get away with telling lies. She mistakenly believed that she could get away with not paying her taxes. For such a serious offence he was lucky to get away with a fine.
get on with – get along (ужитися, мати гарні стосунки)
If people get on with, they like each other and are friendly to each other. Richard and his sister don’t get on well. Do you get on with your parents?
get up – get out of bed (вставати)
I got up early today to study for my exam. She finds it very difficult to get up early. If someone is strong enough to bring you down,show them you are strong enough to get up.
get up to – to do something, especially something that you should not do (влаштовувати)
The children get up to all sorts of mischief when I’m not here. Don’t get up to any mischief while we’re out.
go back – return to a place (повернутися)
I have to go back home and get my lunch. She had a desperate longing to go back. How I wish I could go back in time and meet myself as a kid.
go back on – fail to keep a promise (поступитися словом; обманювати)
He wouldn’t go back on his word. It’s too late to go back on your promise. He’s not the sort of man who would go back on his word. The contract has been signed; we cannot go back on it now.
go in – if information goes in, you understand it (розуміти, доходити)
I explained to her what to do, but I could tell it hadn’t really gone in. No matter how many times you tell him something, it never seems to go in. No matter how many times you tell him something, it never seems to go in.
go in for – to do something regularly, or to enjoy something (займатися)
I’ve never really gone in for classical music, but I love jazz. I’ve never gone in for spending all day at the beach. He goes in for swimming. I go in for stamp collecting and judo. I suppose I could go in for advertising. His brother doesn’t go in for sports. I go in for judo.
go through with – to do something unpleasant or difficult that has already been agreed or promised (проходити через)
He’d threatened to divorce her but I never thought he’d go through with it. The company has decided not to go through with the takeover of its smaller rival. He is determined to go through with the work. For months I had been either unwilling or unable to go through with it.
grow up – become an adult (виростати)
When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman. As we grow up, we realize it becomes less important to have more friends and more important to have real ones. Children grow up with a mixture of character traits from both sides of their family.
live up to – to be as good as something (виправдати, відповідати)
The concert was brilliant – it lived up to all our expectations. He never managed to live up to his parents’ expectations. I feel it’s impossible to live up to his mother. Did the holiday live up to your expectations? Did the TV play live up to your expectations?
look up – search and find information in a reference book or database (шукати)
We can look her phone number up on the Internet. Look up the bus times in the local timetable. Many people have to look up the meaning of this word in the dictionary.
look up to – have a lot of respect for; to become better (рівнятися на)
My little sister has always looked up to me. I hope things will start to look up in the new year. Our financial situation is looking up at last. They all look up to their teacher. Children should look up to their parents. I need a boss I can look up to.
make up – invent; forgive each other (придумувати; помиритися)
Josie made up a story about why we were late. Did you make up a story? The teacher asked the students to make up short dialogues by themselves. We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast. Let’s kiss and make up.
make somebody up – apply cosmetics to (загрімувати)
My sisters made me up for my graduation party. She chose Maggie to make her up for her engagement photographs.
make up for – to take the place of something lost or damaged or to compensate for something bad with something good (компенсувати)
This year’s good harvest will make up for last year’s bad one. He bought me dinner to make up for being so late the day before. Hard work can often make up for a lack of ability.
pass away – die (померти)
“Pass away” is a euphemism for “die”. His uncle passed away last night after a long illness. Do you think he’ll pass away?
put up with – tolerate (миритися)
I don’t think I can put up with three small children in the car. I’m too tired to put up with any nonsense.
run out off – have none left (закінчитися)
We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap. They have run out of ideas. I have run out of patience with her.
settle down – to become familiar with a place and to feel happy and confident in it; to become calmer (осісти; влаштовуватися; стати розсудливим)
She quickly settled down in her new house/job/school. I’m glad to hear things are settling down for you guys. The children soon settled down and started their work. Come on, have a cup of tea and settle down. Have you settled down in your new house yet?
sign up for – to agree to do something, or to join a course or organization; to put someone’s name on an official list for something (підписатися на; зареєструватися для)
She’s decided to sign up for evening classes. They’ve signed me up to do voluntary work next month. You could sign up for a series of courses, which you could take at your own pace. It also sounds like fun to sign up for an Internet mailing list.
split up – end relationship or partnership (розійтись)
If two people split up, they end their relationship or marriage. She split up with her boyfriend last week. Let’s split up now and meet again at lunchtime. She reacted very badly when her parents split up.
walk out on – depart or leave suddenly or angrily (покинути)
If someone walks out on a job, etc., they leave before finishing it because they are not happy about something. Workers who walked out on the job could be sacked for breach of contract. He walked out on his wife.
Use these phrasal verbs in your own sentences.