What to use: infinitive or -ing form?
Do you know when should we use infinitive or -ing form? Let’s learn the verbs after which use to-infinitive and the verbs which must be used with -ing form (Gerund).
We use to + the infinitive form of the verb after the verbs:
want – хотіти
He wants to spend more time with his family. She wants to go into teaching. He wants to take some photographs of the house. He wants to be a pilot. She wants to become a professional cook. Do you want to go to the beach? What does he want to do? He wanted to wash the car. Lucy wants to study medicine.
agree – погодитися
Do you reckon he’ll agree to see us? Do you agree to go to the picnic? They agreed to organize an outdoor party. He agreed to join them later. I always agree to help her. She agreed to cook chicken for dinner. Did your parents agree to come to the concert?
decide – вирішити
We hope that more students will decide to join the English course. Why did you decide to look for a new job? What made you decide to become a doctor? They decided to sell their house. He decided to do sports. Who decided to enter a university? She decided to be more active at the lessons.
forget – забувати
Don’t forget to take out the garbage. I never forget to lock the door. He forgot to bring his exercise-book. She sometimes forgets to water the plants. The teacher forgot to write down the home assignments on the blackboard. Why did you forget to call me? He asked me not to forget to send a message.
learn – вчити
By writing you learn to write. By falling we learn to go safely. Live to learn and learn to live. Children must learn to behave at table. Birds learn to fly by instinct. It is not surprising that children learn to read at different rates. When we learn to treasure simple happiness, we will be winners in life. In their first year at school, most children learn to add and subtract.
remember – пам’ятати
Did you remember to tell her? Do you remember to tip the waiter? Remember to take these medicines after breakfast. She always remembers to feed her pets. I always remember to prepere for for tests. He never remembers to go through the pockets before he puts trousers in the washing machine.
need – потребувати
You need to change your eating habits. I needed to find program for making films. I need to tell you something. You need to put some air in the tyres. We don’t need to worry about him. You don’t need to dress up just to go to the pub – jeans and a T-shirt will do. I needed this app to organise my notes.
try – спробувати
You should try to eat plenty of fresh fruit. He tries to exercise as often as possible. You must try to learn from your mistakes. He tried to focus on the positive sides. He tried to help her with Maths. Try to be more attentive at the lessons. Don’t try to cheat at tests. He tried to connect the microphone.
would like (‘d like) – хотілося б
I’d like to buy a new laptop. Many teachers would like to be more creative. I’d like to thank you for all your work. The doctor would like to check you over. Would you like to drink some water? He would like to invite his friends for an outdoor party. Would you like to watch a film? She’d like to chat online with me.
Verb + -ing
We use the -ing form after these verbs:
like – подобатись
I don’t like doing housework. He doesn’t like doing shopping. He likes doing karate. She likes eating out. Do you like travelling? She likes cooking.
enjoy – насолоджуватись
I enjoy playing tennis and squash. She enjoys swimming in summer. I enjoy watching adventure films. Do you enjoy playing online games? He enjoys watching video clips on YouTube. He enjoyed skiing in the mountains. What do you enjoy doing in summer?
love – любити
We love swimming. What do you love doing at your leisure time? She loves travelling and visiting exotic countries. She is crazy about photography and loves taking photos of animals.
hate – ненавидіти
I hate being treated as a small child. I hate getting to the theatre late. She hates getting up early in the morning. I hate standing in line. I hate watching horror films. I hate doing French dictations. She hates washing up. What household chores do you hate doing?
can’t stand – терпіти не можу
I can’t stand listening to loud music. Lily can’t stand working in an office. Our teacher of Biology can’t stand being interrupted. I can’t stand watching the junk that’s on TV these days. He can’t stand seeing animals in cages. I can’t stand writing essays.
don’t mind – не проти
I don’t mind eating in if you do the cooking. I don’t mind driving if you’re tired. I don’t mind waiting – I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind helping, but I draw the line at doing everything myself. He doesn’t mind having a lesson in the morning. She doesn’t mind going to a cafe. Do you mind looking after the kids for a bit while I go out?
finish – закінчувати
When you finish doing the crossword, the solution is on the back page. When you finish vacuuming, dust the furniture, please. Finish writing your essay and hand in your works. He finished downloading videos. Did you finish uploading the files?
keep – продовжувати робити
Keep doing your homework so you don’t get behind in school. I keep doing sign language, so I forget how to speak. Never give up, keep trying. She keeps losing her phone charger.
prefer – віддавати перевагу
I prefer painting with watercolours. She prefers drinking coffee in the morning. I prefer meeting people face to face. She prefers travelling by car.
stop – припиняти
Stop quarreling with your sister. Stop worrying about them. Boys, stop being so aggressive. Children, stop talking, please! Please stop making that noise?it’s getting annoying. I hoped he would stop asking awkward questions. He must stop using social networking sites.
Have Practice in Using Infinitive or -ing Form
Task 1. Infinitive or -ing Form. Make up your own sentences with the verbs mentioned above.
Task 2. Infinitive or -ing Form. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
- I often write messages but forget __________ (send) them.
- He would like __________ (spend) more time outdoors.
- She doesn’t mind __________ (eat) sushi.
- He keeps __________ (lose) his phone charger.
- I want __________ (share) these photos with my friends.
- He’s trying __________ (learn) playing the guitar.
- She enjoyed __________ (read) sci-fi books.
- He forgot __________ (switch) off the light in the living-room.
- Did you decide __________ (finish) your project?
- Do you want __________ (join) the judo club?
- She agreed __________ (teach) me driving.
- He likes __________ (spend) time online.
- I often forget __________ (charge) my phone.
- My friend never forgets __________ (do) her homework.
- She keeps __________ (send) me photos of her pets.
- They tried __________ (spend) a day without their phones.
- She is learning __________ (type) without looking at the keyboard.
- My dad can’t stand __________ (go) shopping.
- They love ____________ (play) video games.
- My friend is so helpful. She always tries __________ (help) other people.
- Do you enjoy __________ (spend) time online?
- She always forgets __________ (charge) her laptop.
- I forgot __________ (plug) my printer into the USB port.
- What do you like __________ (do) online?
- She hates __________ (spend) too much time on sites like Facebook.
- My friend keeps __________ (use) Instagram.
- I’d love __________ (give up) eating too much chocolate.
- My cousin learned __________(play) the ukulele last year.
- She does lots of different kinds of exercise, but she prefers __________(run).
- I want __________ (watch) a DVD tonight.