Grammar Time: Phrasal Verbs Part 2
Learn some more phrasal verbs with Phrasal Verbs Part 2 and have practice doing exercises as well as using them in your own sentences.
Exam in Mind Level B2
Phrasal Verbs Part 2
ask out – запрошувати
A few boys asked her out but never the right ones
back up – робити резервне копіювання
Before we leave work each day, we back up all the records we have entered into the computer that day.
break down – зламатися
If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops working. Our car broke down and we had to push it off the road.
call off – скасовувати
Tomorrow’s match has been called off because of the icy weather. The police have called off the search for the missing child until dawn tomorrow.
carry out – здійснювати, виконувати
He is carrying out research on early Christian art. Our soldiers carried out a successful attack last night.
come up with – придумати
If you come up with something, you suggest or think of an idea or plan. She’s come up with some amazing scheme to double her income.
get over – подолати
They’re upset that you didn’t call, but they’ll get over it. She’s just getting over the flu.
hold up – затримувати, грабувати
A masked youth held up the post office.
look into – досліджувати
We’re looking into the possibility of merging the two departments. We’re looking into the possibility of getting to New York for her wedding.
pull up – зупинятися
A car pulled up outside my house. He pulled up outside the cottage
run down – задавити
The boy was run down by joyriders.
see off – проводжати
They came to the station to see him off. My parents saw me off at the airport.
talk out of – відмовити, переконувати не робити
If you talk somebody out of something, you persuade him or her not to do something. Her parents tried to talk her out of getting engaged.
throw away – викинути
Many of the cans and bottles thrown away may have cost more to make than the contents
turn over – передавати іншому
The local police turned him over to the FBI.
Task 1. Complete the sentences below, using a phrasal verb from the list in its correct form:
ask out back up break down call off carry out come up with get over hold up look into
pull up run down see off talk out of throw away turn over
- He ________________ me ________________ going to university because he thought it wasn’t the right thing for me to do.
- After weeks of negotiations the Prime Minister _____________________ a new solution to the issue.
- I have to ________________ my files regularly, so that I don’t lose them when the computer crashes.
- The match was ________________ because of heavy rain. It will be played tomorrow.
- We ________________ too much paper and other packaging. I think we should recycle more of it.
- It started to rain just as we ___________________ in front of the restaurant.
- The masked robbers ___________________ a money transport and got away with millions of dollars.
- She’s been taken to hospital after being ___________________ by a truck driver.
- We ___________________ him ___________________ at the airport and wished him good luck for his new job.
- It took her a long time to ________________ her father’s sudden death.
- The police officer ___________________ the thief ___________________ to the sheriff, who then locked him up in prison.
- The investigators promised that they would ___________________ the matter and try to find new evidence.
- He ___________________ her ___________________ for a first date, so they both went to see a movie.
- The scientist ___________________ the experiment in his own private lab.
- The car __________________ and we had to call someone to tow it away.
Phrasal Verbs Part 2
ask around – розпитати
When you ask around, you ask a lot of different people in order to get information or help. Our babysitter’s just moved away, so we’re asking around for a replacement.
bring up – виховувати
She brought up three sons on her own. He was brought up by his grandmother.
drop out of – кинути
Drop out of means to leave something such as an activity, school, or competition before you have finished what you intended to do. She was injured in the first round and had to drop out. Too many students drop out of college after only one year.
go down – бути схваленим
Go down means be received in a particular way. The joke didn’t go down very well.
hold off – відкладати
Let’s hold off making a decision until next week. They’ve decided to hold off on buying a car until they’re both working.
keep up – триматися на попередньому рівні
Keep up the good work. The trade unions continued to keep up pressure for higher wages.
make up – помиритися
They kissed and made up, as usual. We often quarrel but we always make it up soon after.
pay back – повертати гроші
I’ll be able to pay you back next week. I don’t think we can afford to pay the full amount back now.
push ahead – просуватися вперед
Push ahead means to continue with an activity in a determined or enthusiastic way, especially when it is difficult or makes you feel tired. They have decided to push ahead with the legal action.
put on – набрати вагу
She put on after the children were born. I’ve put on 2kg in the last month.
run out – закінчуватися
The milk has run out. My patience is beginning to run out.
send in – запросити
To send in means to tell someone to go into a room because the person in there is ready to see them. You can send the next candidate in now.
set up – засновувати
She wants to repay the committee for the help she received when setting up in business.
stay away from – уникати того, що погано впливає
To stay away from something means to avoid something that will have a bad effect on you. My parents told me to stay away from her. I drink a lot of water and I stay away from greasy, heavy foods.
take after – бути схожим
He takes after his mother’s side of the family. She takes after me with her love of horses.
turn off – вимкнути
Will you turn the television off, please? It is now safe to turn off your computer.
work out – бути успішним
Work out means to happen or develop in a particular way. Let’s hope this new job works out well for him.
Task 2. Complete the sentences below, using a phrasal verb from the list in its correct form:
ask around bring up drop out of get along go down hold off keep up make up pay back
push ahead put on run out send in set up stay away from take after turn off work out
- The doctor told his assistant to _____________________ the first patient.
- My friend never _____________________ the money I had lent him a few weeks ago.
- They had to _____________________ the central heating because it was getting too warm in the room.
- You look a bit heavier. Have you _____________________ some weight since I last saw you?
- My boss told me to _____________________ the good work. He was very pleased with me.
- You can’t _____________________ much longer. He is waiting for your decision.
- She _____________________ her mother. Just look at her face.
- Time is _____________________ . We need to make a decision quickly.
- The authorities are _____________________ with plans for the new runway.
- She _____________ her children _________________ on her own after her husband had moved out of the flat.
- The doctor advised Mary to _____________________ fast food and chocolate.
- I had an argument with my wife, but fortunately we _______________ a few days later. Now everything is OK again.
- My trip to Paris didn’t _____________________ the way I had planned it. There were some difficulties.
- His grandfather __________________ the company over 50 years ago.
- The news didn’t _____________________ well among the employees. Everyone was afraid of losing their jobs.
- I _____________________ to see if someone had seen anything suspicious.
- The boy ___________________ high school and started dealing drugs.
- I really like working with him. We _____________________ really well.
Phrasal Verbs Part 2
blow out – задувати
He blew out all 60 candles on his birthday cake.
come forward – пропонувати послуги, відгукнутися
To come forward means to offer to give help or information. No witnesses to the accident have come forward yet, despite the police appeal.
do without – обходитися без
He’s an integral part of the team and we can’t do without him. Surely you can do without television for a week?
get across – чітко викласти
We tried to get our point across, but he just wouldn’t listen. This is the message that we want to get across to the public.
go through – ретельно переглянути
Someone had broken into the office and gone through all the drawers. Collins went through every legal book she could find.
hold on – зачекати
Hold on, I’ll check in my diary. We’ll hold on another minute, then we’ll have to go.
let off – відпустити
Instead of a prison sentence they were let off with a fine. I’ll let you off if you apologize.
push for – наполягати, вимагати
To push for means to demand something repeatedly, or to take strong action to try to make it happen. Local residents are pushing for the road to be made safer.
send for – викликати
Do you think we should send for a doctor?
sit out – пересидіти
Most of the workers seem to be sitting the crisis out, waiting to see what will happen.
take aback – здивувати
When I told him my answer, he seemed taken aback. He was taken aback by her answer.
turn out – виходити
Over 75 per cent of the electorate turned out to vote.
Task 3. Complete the sentences below, using a phrasal verb from the list in its correct form:
blow out bring up come forward do without get across get over go through hold on let off
make up push for run down send for sit out take back turn out
- My lawyer has ____________________ all the documents I gave him, but he can’t find the right one.
- The trade unions are ____________________ a rise in salary, but the employers don’t want to give it to them.
- Thousands of people ____________________ to see the royal family, who were in the country for the first time.
- It was the first time he got caught so the teacher ______________ him _____________ with a warning.
- We were ____________________ when Jerry said he was getting married. Nobody had really expected it.
- I can’t ____________________ coffee in the morning. I need at least 2 cups to get going.
- When I was walking across the street a car sped by and almost ____________ me _________.
- It took her a few months to ____________________ her husband’s death.
- Could you please ____________________? – Mr Jenkins is on the other line.
- The couple finally ____________________ after they had been quarrelling about irrelevant things.
- A week after the incident the neighbour ____________________ with some new information.
- I ____________________ the manager because I thought the sales assistant gave me wrong information.
- When he got his birthday cake, he ____________________ all the candles on it.
- She finally ___________ most of what she was saying _______________ to the audience.
- I don’t like the performance either, but I guess we’ll just have to ___________ it __________.
- His grandparents ____________ him ____________ after his biological mother had left him.