Grammar Time: Passive Voice
Let’s revise how to use passive voice with different tenses.
Exam in Mind Level B1
We can use passive voice with most tenses.
To change the tense of a passive sentence, you change the form of the verb ‘be‘. The main verb in a passive sentence is always in the past participle form (V3).
Using the Passive Voice with Different Tenses
|Tense||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|Present Simple||James writes the letters.||The letters are written by James.|
|Past Simple||James wrote the letters.||The letters were written by James.|
|Present Continuous||James is writing the letters.||The letters are being written by James.|
|Present Perfect||James has written the letters.||The letters have been written by James.|
|going to||James is going to write the letters.||The letters are going to be written by James.|
|Future Simple||James will write the letters.||The letters will be written by James.|
|Past Continuous||James was writing the letters.||The letters were being written by James.|
|Past Perfect||The scientists had found the cure, but it was too late.||The cure had been found, but it was too late.|
|Future Perfect||The scientists will have found a cure by then.||A cure will have been found by then.|
It is uncommon to use the passive voice with the following tenses:
Have Practice Using Passive Voice with Different Tenses
Task 1. Make passive sentences using the word parts and the given tense.
- The window – open (present perfect simple)
- Her room – paint (past continuous)
- He – take – to the airport. (present perfect simple)
- The bike – repair – at the moment (present continuous)
- The cows – feed – every morning (present simple)
- The novel – write – a hundred years ago (past simple)
- The food – must put – in the fridge (present simple)
- A press conference – hold – tomorrow afternoon (future simple)
- Our new house – just – finish (present perfect simple)
- The thief – see – by the policeman (past perfect simple)
- The story – often tell – by grandmother (present simple)
- The package – send – by a good friend (past simple)
- He – not see – for ages (present perfect simple)
- My dad – off – a new job – later this week (future simple)
- The church – not renovate – for two hundred years (present perfect simple)
- Breakfast – serve – from 7 to 10 (present simple)
Task 2. Change sentences from active into passive voice.
- Sheila is drinking a cup of tea.
- My father is washing the car.
- Farmer Joe is milking the cows.
- She is taking a picture of him.
- I am writing a poem.
- We are not playing football.
- He is not wearing a tie.
- Is she preparing the party?
- Are they talking about the meeting?
- Is she watering the flowers?
Task 3. Choose the one option a-d which best fits the space.
1. Concert tickets … at the box office.
a. being sold
b. are being sold
c. are be sold
d. are being selling
2. Following yesterday’s accident, three people are still … for minor injuries.
b. being treating
d. being treated
3. Your suit is not ready yet. It … right now.
a. is being cleaned
b. is being cleaning
c. is been cleaned
d. is cleaning
4. I could not use my car yesterday because it …
a. was being serviced
b. were being serviced
c. was being service
d. was been serviced
5. He left the room while the money …
a. has being collected
b. was been collected
c. was being collected
d. was being collecting
6. We couldn’t use the bathroom while it …
a. was been refitted
b. was being refitted
c. is being refitted
d. was refitting
Task 4. Use the passive voice to rewrite these sentences.
- We haven’t checked your car yet. – Your car …
- They have not done anything about it so far. – Nothing …
- Someone has cut this tree with this saw.
- Too many people have used the same methods.
- My classmates have decorated our classroom.
- Children have eaten all the biscuits.
- Property developers have bought this land.
- They haven’t asked us to give them a hand.
- Charities in this country have done a lot of good work.
- They haven’t built the new bridge yet.
Task 5. Active or passive? Choose the correct form.
- Paul has been bit / has been bitten by a dog.
- Turn it off. Sue and Jill has been scared / have been scared to death.
- I’m afraid we have been stopped / have stopped by a a traffic warden.
- My sister has annoyed / has been annoyed with me since I was born.
- We have already given / have already been given it to Liz.
- I’ll work in Dover. I have been offered / have offered a job by Derek.
- There’s nothing left. All the goods has been sold / have been sold.
- Look at that. The horse has been hit by / with a stick.
- The new scyscraper has grown / has been grown taller than the old one.
- Our teacher has been ordered / has ordered us to come on time.
- It’s OK. The dinner has been paid by / with Matt.
- Oh, no! I have been woken up / have woken up by your alarm-clock.
Task 6. Rewrite the sentences and make them passive. Use passive voice with different tenses.
- They will send you the boxes next week.
- Coca Cola has sponsored this programme.
- The manager has locked the door.
- After they had shut the doors nobody could get in.
- The organizers of the event welcomed the president.
- They are inviting hundreds of guests to the opening of the new theatre.
- Los Angeles will host the 2028 Olympic Games.
- The farmer milks the cows twice a day.
- Everyone went to bed after they had switched off the lights.
- Stephen Spielberg is directing a major action film at the moment.
- The local authorities have cut down three trees in our street.
- They serve lunch from 12 to 2.
- When I got there, they were paving the road.
- The referee will stop the match if the weather gets worse.
- Mom hasn’t washed my jeans since October.
Task 7. Make the sentences passive. Use passive voice with different tenses.
- They don’t expect you to win the match.
- He will finish the puzzle by tomorrow.
- The judge has sentenced many criminals in his career.
- Millions of people around the world love football.
- They are tearing down the old bridge at the moment.
- Has anyone opened these letters?
- The boys pushed Tom into the river.
- They say he is an excellent pianist.
- They gave him a new outfit for the performance.
- What are they going to ask him?
- We will have to do this work by next Monday.
- They could not reach the crash site in time.
- Mom is ironing your shirt.
- The headmaster did not allow students to smoke.
- The police should bring him to the station.
Task 8. Rewrite the sentences making them passive. Use passive voice with different tenses.
- Families in poor countries often force their children to work.
- They have offered him a good job.
- They should have redecorated the house before Christmas.
- They will repair my car by next week.
- People say that he is a good surfer.
- They have treated the prisoners badly for years.
- You haven’t answered to my question yet.
- We had to call the ambulance.
- In Asia children do a lot of the work.
- You cannot reach this village by train.
- Settlers built this town in 1802.
- Committee members handed out invitations for the meeting.
- You must park your car in the garage.
- They showed us the most important paintings in the gallery.
- They speak Spanish here.
Task 9. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb. Use active or passive voice with different tenses.
- A lot of old songs ____________________ on the radio last week. (PLAY)
- The President ____________________________ about the coup in Central America. (JUST INFORM)
- If I ____________________ you I wouldn’t go to the meeting. (BE)
- The bank manager told me that the house ________________________ for. (NOT PAY)
- I _________________________ the guitar since I was in nursery school. (PLAY)
- Margie is very happy because she __________________________ an engagement ring from her boyfriend. (JUST RECEIVE)
- I _______________________ after the children while the garage ________________________ .(LOOK , REPAIR)
- When Jane came to the office, she found out that her boss ________________________ . (ALREADY LEAVE)
- Please don’t interrupt us. We ____________________ an important conversation. (HAVE)
- I reported to the police that my stamp collection _______________________ the week before. (STEAL)
- A short time after the pedestrian _______________________ by the car the ambulance ____________________ . (HIT, ARRIVE)
- When Mr Kennel entered the room, emails ________________________ by his assistants. (TYPE)
- Dad ________________________ for over three weeks. (NOT SMOKE)
- He normally ____________________ up on his own but yesterday he ____________________ by his mom. (WAKE, WAKE)
- They usually ____________________ visitors at the hospital. (NOT ALLOW)
- All the houses in our street _______________________ every year during the Christmas season. (DECORATE)
- India _______________________ independence in 1947. (GRANT)
- They _______________________ in southern Italy since the end of the war. (LIVE)
- I ______________________ a car by the garage so that I could drive home. (GIVE)
- Tom’s father is an excellent athlete. He ____________________ some sort of sport every day. (DO)
Task 10. Rewrite the sentences making them passive. Use passive voice with different tenses.
- Someone will attend to you later.
- I don’t remember Jack giving me the tickets.
- We must do something before the situation gets out of control.
- You can hear the music in all sections of the stadium.
- The company employs 5 people.
- They are going to buy a new TV set next week.
- My great grandfather built this house 60 years ago
- My sister gave me the key so I could get in.
- Nobody said anything.
- A loud noise woke me up last night.
- How do you prepare such a dish?
- I don’t like someone lying to me.
- She solved all her problems.
- After a while she found out they hadn’t told her the truth.
- The outstanding performance impressed her.
- You mustn’t put the leftovers back in the fridge.