Grammar Time: the Present Perfect Tense
We use the Present Perfect Tense:
- for something that started in the past and continues in the present: They‘ve been married for nearly fifty years. She has lived in Liverpool all her life.
- when we are talking about our experience up to the present: I‘ve seen that film before. I‘ve played the guitar ever since I was a teenager. He has written three books and he is working on another one.
- for something that happened in the past but is important in the present: I can’t get in the house. I‘ve lost my keys. Teresa isn’t at home. I think she has gone shopping.
Exam in Mind Level A2 / B1
Exercise 1. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.
Example: The plane has just arrived. – The plane hasn’t arrived yet. Has the plane arrived yet?
- I have made a phone call.
- They have taken a minibus.
- She has seen him this week.
- I have invited them to the party.
- The children have already made a snowman.
- The pupils have spent summer in Poland.
- He has travelled by ship.
- Tom has just drunk a glass of juice.
- They have already gathered the berries.
- He has eaten a pear.
Exercise 2. Write in the Present Perfect Tense.
Model: He takes me to the airport. – He has taken me to the airport.
- I was in Paris.
- They will spend a lot of money on their tour.
- I am trying on a new coat.
- She visits Hungary and Poland.
- Denis saw a lot of new countries.
- I have English lessons.
- The teacher is putting our marks into the register.
- I am worrying about you.
- My friends take exams.
- I will enjoy nature.
- The dentist is treating teeth.
- The shower started.
- It thunders.
- The teacher was strict.
- The clown is standing upside down.
Exercise 3. Supply either the Present Perfect Tense or the Past Simple Tense.
- I just (tell) _______ you the answer.
- I (tell ) _______ you the answer yesterday.
- George never (sail) _______ to America up to the present.
- John and Sue just (go) _______ away.
- She already (answer) _______ the letter.
- She (answer) _______ it on Tuesday.
- John and David (go) _______ away two minutes ago.
- I (read) _______ that book in the summer holidays.
- The baker (sell) _______ now all his cakes.
- He (sell) _______ the last one half an hour ago.
Exercise 4. Answer the questions.
Example: How many tests have you taken since the beginning of the semester? – I have taken (three, several, many) tests since the beginning of the semester. Or: I haven’t taken any tests since the beginning of the semester.
- How many books have you bought since the beginning of the school year?
- How many emails have you got so far this month?
- How many messages have you written since the beginning of the month?
- How many times have you flown in an airplane?
- How many people have you met since you came here?
- How many classes have you missed since the beginning of the semester?
- How many cups of coffee have you had since you got up this morning?
- How many times have you eaten pineapples?
Exercise 5. Supply either the Present Perfect Tense or the Past Simple.
- I (attend, not) _______ any parties since I came here.
- Paul (go) _______ to a party at Sally’s apartment last Saturday night.
- Bill (arrive) _______ here three days ago.
- Bill (be) _______ here since the 22nd of July.
- Try not be absent from class again for the rest of the term. You (miss) _______ already too many classes. You (miss) _______ two classes just last week.
- Last January I (see) _______ snow for the first time in my life.
- In her whole lifetime, Anna (see, never) _______ snow.
- I (know) _______ Greg Adams for ten years.
- So far this week, I (have) _______ two tests and a quiz.
- Up to now, Professor Williams (give) _______ our class five tests.
Exercise 6. Say as in example. Use the Present Perfect Tense.
Example: see that movie – I have never seen that movie.
- drive a truck
- buy an airplane
- read that book
- break a window
- draw a picture of yourself
- ride a horse
- eat paper
- teach English
- catch a butterfly
- make an apple pie
- win a lottery
- fly an airplane
- sleep in a tent
- write a letter to the President of the United States
- lose your wallet
- have a car accident
- speak to President of Ukraine
- steal anything
- fall off a mountain
- hold a snake
- feed a lion
- build a house
- wear a kimono
- drink Turkish coffee
- understand Einstein’s theory of relativity
- leave your umbrella at a restaurant
Exercise 7. Ask questions as in the example.
Example: break your arm – Have you ever broken your arm?
- climb a mountain
- write a book
- be in Japan
- tell a lie
- smoke a cigar
- ride a motorbike
- teach Chemistry
- see a ghost
- meet Mike’s parents
- give a speech in English
- eat a passion fruit
- study biology
- walk on the Moon
- play the violin
- take a course in physic
- drive a car
- fall asleep during class
- bake a cake