Using Gerunds or Passive Infinitives Following Need
Modal verb need
- Usually an infinitive follows need: I need to borrow some money. John needs to be told the truth.
- Need With Gerunds or Passive Infinitives: in certain circumstances, a gerund may follow need. In this case, the gerund carries a passive meaning. Usually the situations involve fixing or improving something: The house needs painting. = The house needs to be painted.
Task 1. Supply an appropriate form of the verb in parentheses.
Example: The chair is broken. I need (fix) it. – I need to fix it.
The chair needs (fix) – The chair needs fixing / to be fixed.
- The baby’s diaper is wet. It needs (change) ____________.
- What a mess! This room needs (clean)____________ up. We need (clean) ____________ it up before the company arrives.
- My shirt is wrinkled. It needs (iron) ____________.
- There is a hole in our roof. The roof needs (repair) ____________.
- I have books and papers all over my desk. I need (take) ____________ some time to straighten up my desk. It needs (straighten) ____________ up.
- The apples on the tree are ripe. They need (pick) ____________.
- The dog’s been digging the mud. He needs (wash) ____________.
Task 2. Use Gerunds or Infinitives (Active or Passive).
- I need _______ (to work) harder if I want to pass the exam.
- You don’t need _______ (to come) to the meeting, I’ll be there.
- The grass needs _______ (to cut) because it’s very high.
- This bedroom hasn’t been cleaned for months, it needs _______ (to clean) today.
- Your hair is too dirty, it needs _______ (to wash) immediately.
- Your dress is too long, it needs _______ (to take up).
- My son needs _______ (to change) his suitcase because it is broken.
- My mother needs _______ (to go) to the supermarket tomorrow.
- This plant hasn’t been watered for a long time, it needs _______ (to water).
- Those screws are loose, they need _______ (to tighten).