Let’s learn when we use gerund and infinitive
Exam in Mind Level B1
Verb + infinitive
- to express purpose: She went to meet her mother.
- after would love / like / prefer: I’d like to watch this film. I’d love to spend the weekend in the country. I’d prefer to go there by train.
- after adjectives (glad, happy, angry, sorry, pleased, etc.): We’re happy to see you.
- after certain verbs (to advise, to agree, to appear, to decide, to hope, to manage, to offer, to promise, to refuse, to want, etc.): They decided to go for a walk.
- after question words (where, what, how, who, which): I don’t understand how to do it.
- with too or enough: He is too young to drive a car.
Verb + -ing form
- after to go for physical activities: They often go skating in winter.
- after to love, to like, to dislike, to hate, to enjoy, to start, to begin, to stop, to finish: I hate washing the car.
- after to see, to hear, to feel to express an action in progress: She heard him entering the room.
- after certain verbs (to avoid, to admit, to deny, to look forward to, to mind, to object to, to prefer, to regret, to spend, etc.): I’m looking forward to seeing you.
- after some expressions: I’m busy, it’s no use, it’s worth, it’s (no) good, what’s the use of, etc.: What’s the use of buying a computer?
- after prepositions: They are interested in coming here.
Have Practice using Gerund and Infinitive
Task 1. Circle the correct item.
- She doesn’t feel good enough to sing / singing at the concert.
- Den was sorry to tell / telling me about the accident.
- I don’t mind to lend / lending you my car.
- To learn / learning foreign languages takes a lot of time and efforts.
- My cousin is good at to paint / painting.
Task 2. Make up sentences using a to-infinitive or an –ing form.
Example: I/ be busy/ pack/ things/ at the moment – I’m busy packing things at the moment.
- I/ just/ see/ her/ speak/ with somebody
- She/ be pleased/ meet/ her old friend/ yesterday
- We / prefer/ have dinner / in a café
Task 3. Use the verbs in brackets in the correct form (Gerund and Infinitive)
I was so happy ___________ (to receive) your letter! I’m glad ____________(to know) you enjoyed ___________(to go) to the mountains on your Christmas holidays. I like ___________ (to ski) too, but my parents decided ___________ (to spend) Christmas holidays in the village this year. Nevertheless, we had a wonderful time there. My grandparents were so pleased __________ (to celebrate) Christmas with us! They prepared so many presents for us that we didn’t know which one _____________(to open) first. The weather was frosty and there was a lot of snow, so Tim and I preferred ___________(to spend) most of the days outdoors ____________ (to sledge) and ______________ (to play) snowballs with our village friends. There is no need __________ (to say) that we had a lot of fun in the village.
Now I’m busy _____________ (to prepare) for my exams. My mother has promised ___________ (to buy) me a new computer if I pass them successfully. So I have to work hard.
What are your plans for the summer holidays?
I’m looking forward to _____________ (to hear) from you.