Gerunds and Infinitives
- Often an infinitive phrase is used with it as the object of a sentence: It is difficult to learn a second language.
- A gerund phrase is frequently used as the subject of a sentence: Learning a second language is difficult.
- An infinitive can also be used as the subject of a sentence: To learn a second language is difficult.
- The phrase for (someone) may be used to specify exactly who the speaker is talking about: It is easy for young children to learn a second language. Learning a second language is easy for young children. To learn a second language is easy for young children.
Task 1. Create sentences beginning with it. Use a form of the given expression in your sentence, followed by an infinitive phrase.
Example: be dangerous – It’s dangerous to ride a motorcycle without wearing a helmet.
- be important
- not be easy
- be foolish
- must be interesting
- be always a pleasure
- be clever of you
- not cost much money
- be necessary
- take time
Task 2. It + infinitive. Add for (someone) and any other words to give a more specific and accurate meaning to the sentences.
Example: It isn’t possible to be on time. – It isn’t possible for me to be on time for class if the bus drivers are on strike and I have to walk to class in a rainstorm.
- It’s easy to speak Spanish.
- It’s important to learn English.
- It’s essential to get a visa.
- It’s important to take advanced math courses.
- It’s difficult to communicate.
- It was impossible to come to class.
- It is a good idea to study gerunds and infinitives.
Task 3. Complete the sentences. Use gerund phrases as subjects.
Example: … isn’t easy. – Climbing to the top of the mountain isn’t easy.
- … is hard.
- … can be interesting.
- … was a good experience.
- Does … sound like fun to you?
- … demands patience and a sense of humour.
- … is a complicated process.
- … is considered impolite in my country.