Read England Interesting Facts
There are four countries in the UK – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is the biggest part and the most populous part of the United Kingdom. England is on the island of Great Britain and shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. England is only about 34 km from France and is now linked by a tunnel under the English Channel which is the second longest undersea tunnel in the world.
England got its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled there during the 5th and 6th centuries. In Old English the word Englaland meant “land of the Angles”. England became a country in 927 AD.
England’s population is about 53 million people. England is split up into nine regions, and below the regions, it is split up into 48 counties. London, which is the capital of England, is in the London Region. Winchester was the first capital of England, from 827 to 1066. Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Leeds.
There is an old legend that London will fall if black ravens fly away from the Tower of London. Charles II introduced a law requiring the Tower to keep 6 of the birds in its grounds at all time. This is still the Law.
England’s weather can be summed up in two words – mild and changeable. One minute it can be gorgeous sunshine, the next it can be cloudy, cold and raining. This unpredictability also makes England’s weather extremely interesting and frequently talked about.
The flag of England has a cross of red color on a white background. This symbol is called Saint George’s Cross. The St George’s Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. In 1606, the St George’s Cross became part of the Union Jack, the flag of the United Kingdom.
St George is the patron saint of England and the National Day of England is St. George’s Day on 23 April.
The song called “God Save The Queen” is the official anthem of the United Kingdom and many people consider it to be the national anthem of England as well.
The national symbol of England is the Tudor red rose, also known as the Rose of England.
The official language of England is English. Cornish is still one of the official minor languages in Cornwall, a county in South-West England. It is a language from the Celtic language family from the old days of England.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tallest manmade structure on Earth for 3,871 years until the Lincoln Cathedral in England was finished in 1311. It was built in the Gothic style in the city of Lincoln.
The most famous English universities are Oxford and Cambridge.
There are a lot of famous English scientists:
- Isaac Newton who is considered the father of modern-day physics, and is one of the most influential scientists of all time.
- Charles Darwin, the father of evolutionary biology, is the most famous and influential naturalists of his time, if not of all time.
- Stephen Hawking, the author of pioneering theories across both physics and astronomy, is one of the most acclaimed astrophysicists of all time.
- English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee is credited with inventing the World Wide Web.
England has a large economy and uses the pound sterling as its currency. The Bank of England is situated in London, which is the central bank of the UK. The City of London is one of the biggest financial centers of the world.
Music from England has been some of the most popular and best-selling music in the world. In fact, the most successful band in the history of the world, The Beatles, came from England, and a whole bunch of other rock and roll bands got their start in England as well.
The most popular game in England is football or soccer, followed by cricket, rugby, tennis, badminton, squash, horseracing, swimming, boating and many others.
There are many myths and legends in English folklore. The most popular tell about:
- Beowulf, a brave and strong hero who fought for the good of the people
- King Arthur and the Knights of the Round table, his wife Guinevere and magician Merlin
- St. George and the Dragon
- Robin Hood and his Merry Men
- Lady Godiva
- Dick Wittington and his cat