Either … or Neither … nor

So do I / Neither do I

Learn to use either and neither

Щоб звернути увагу на однорідні члени речення, в деяких випадках вживаються сполучники neither … nor, either … or.

Neither … nor (ані … ані) означає “ані перший, ані другий” і вживається в заперечних реченнях (при цьому частка not не використовується).

The story was neither interesting nor funny.

Either … or (або … або) вживається в розповідних реченнях і означає “один з двох зазначених”.

We can visit either the Tower of London or Westminster Abbey.

Щоб повідомити співрозмовника про схожість дій чи ситуацій (у позитивному значенні), вживається структура so + відповідне допоміжне дієслово + підмет.

I like this music. – So do I.
Ben stopped his car and so did John.

Для підкреслення негативного значення у схожих ситуаціях вживається структура neither … nor + відповідне допомідне дієслово + підмет.

She doesn’t get up late and neither do I.
Mary can’t play tennis. – Nor can Lucy.

Have practice Either and Neither

Exercise 1. Rewrite the sentences as in the example.

Example: He doesn’t like pepper and tomatoes. – He likes neither pepper nor tomatoes.

  1. She needs apples or grapes.
  2. My friend can’t ski and skate.
  3. His granny will cook a cake or some pies.
  4. They aren’t going to buy stickers and bookmarks.

Exercise 2. Complete the sentences with either … or or neither … nor.

  1. My brother can speak ______ English ______ German. He is bad at languages.
  2. I have enough money to buy ______ a newspaper ______ a magazine.
  3. You should help your sister. She has ______ money ______ a job.
  4. I think this girl must be ______ Spanish ______ Italian.
  5. He is so lonely! He has ______ friends ______ relatives.

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences writing about you.

  1. Helen reads a lot of books and so do I.
  2. Mike didn’t make sandwiches yesterday and neither did I.
  3. My cousin can ride a bike and _________________.
  4. Sally doesn’t like horror films and _________________.
  5. They have just arrived from the village and _________________.
  6. His friends were writing a test at 9 o’clock yesterday and _________________.
  7. She wasn’t very tired after the walk and _________________.

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences using the words in brackets.

  1. Sam is good at History and (so / Alice) _________________.
  2. His car doesn’t use much petrol and (neither / my car) _________________.
  3. The cake was very good and (so / the ice cream) _________________.
  4. The book is very interesting and (so / the film) _________________.
  5. Dan hasn’t been to Riga and (neither / Bill) _________________.
  6. He can’t drive a car. (nor / I) _________________.
  7. His friends won’t help him and (neither / his parents) _________________.

Exercise 5. Match two parts of the sentences.

  1. She worked as a guide last summer and
  2. They have just heard the news and
  3. Our neighbours didn’t paint the front door and
  4. You don’t usually go shopping alone and
  5. His cousin is looking forward the holidays and
  6. She hasn’t prepared for the exams yet and
  7. The children were dancing at the party
  8. My parents didn’t have lunch in the office and

a. so am I.
b. neither did I.
c. neither did I.
d. so did I.
e. so was I.
f. so have I.
g. neither have I.
e. neither do I.