Read about Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov, a rocket engineer and spacecraft designer
Academician Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov, the famous scientist and designer of space-rocket systems, was born on the 12th of January 1907 in the city of Zhytomyr in the family of a teacher. In 1916 Serhiy’s parents divorced and a year later his mother remarried. In 1917 the family moved to Odessa, a major port in Ukraine.
In 1922 Serhiy Korolyov passed exams for a senior year at Odessa construction professional school. At the time, he was already interested in aviation. In 1924 Korolyov was admitted to Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, where he joined a group of glider enthusiasts.
From 1927 he worked in the aircraft industry. In 1930, without leaving his job, he graduated from Moscow Bauman Higher Technical School and finished a flying school in Zhytomyr in the same year.
After a meeting with Tsiolkovsky and studying his ideas, Korolyov became a rocket enthusiast. He was one of the founders of modern space-rocket engineering.
In 1933, when the Group for Studying Jet Propulsion was organised, and the first experimental rockets were made and tested, Korolyov took part in its work. Afterwards Korolyov devoted himself to developing space-rocket engineering. In 1957 the first Earth satellites in the world were put into orbit with the help of the systems he had designed and the far side of the Moon was photographed.
Yuri Gagarin, the first human in space
Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov controlled the spaceships, in which the man first flew into space and from which he walked out into space.
Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov trained many scientists and engineers who are now leading the work in research institutes and designing office buildings which specialise in the sphere of space-rocket engineering.