Let’s learn the Passive Voice

► Пасивний стан в англійській мові вживається:

  • коли дія більш важлива, ніж її виконавець: English is spoken all over the world.
  • коли виконавець невідомий: The shop is closed at 8 p.m.
  • коли ми звертаємо увагу на виконавця дії: Books are written by writers and poets.
  • для підкреслення офіційності ситуації: Dinner is served at 6 p.m. in the hotel restaurant.

► Якщо підмет означає особу або предмет, на які спрямовано дію іншої особи або предмета, то дієслово-присудок вживається в пасивному стані.

► Щоб з речення з дієсловом активного стану утворити речення з дієсловом пасивного стану, необхідно суб’єкт і об’єкт поміняти місцями.

People make furniture of wood. (суб’єкт) →   Furniture is made of wood. (об’єкт)

They built the house last year. (суб’єкт)  →   The house was built last year. (об’єкт)

► Якщо стан дієслова в реченні змінюється з активного на пасивний, граматичний час речення залишається незмінним.

► Показники часу такі ж, як для речень з дієсловами активного стану.

► З дієсловом пасивного стану часто вживаються прийменники by та with. By використовується, коли йдеться про виконавця дії, with – коли йдеться про знаряддя дії.

The article is written by a famous journalist. This food is eaten with a fork.

 The Present Simple Passive = am, is, are + V3

 

Task 1. Circle the correct item.

  1. She spends / is spent a lot of money for books.
  2. Her clothes buy / are bought in a fashionable shop.
  3. The hair is cut by / with scissors.
  4. French teaches / is taught in our school.
  5. The email is written by / with my friend.
  6. They usually plan / are planned their journeys.
  7. The tickets book / are booked in the booking office.
  8. The car is stopped by / with the policeman.
  9. The meat is cut by / with a knife.

Task 2. Change the sentences into the Passive.

  1. People use computers everywhere nowadays.
  2. We take books from the libraries.
  3. They publish this magazine in Odessa.
  4. They show this TV programme every evening.
  5. Pupils finish the academic year in May.
  6. They sell beautiful flowers in this shop.
  7. We play basketball all year round.
  8. He paints the roof of the house every year.

Task 3. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple Passive

English __________ (to speak) all over the world. It __________ (to use) for writing articles and computer programs. Children __________ (to teach) English at schools. A lot of English-speaking countries _________ (to visit) by tourists every year. English __________ (to recognize) as the language of international communication. The importance of learning foreign languages __________ (to understand) by people of our country.

Task 4. Disagree with the statements and write the correct sentences.

Example: Peaches are grown in winter. – Peaches aren’t grown in winter. They are grown in summer.

  1. English is spoken in Great Britain only.
  2. Ice cream is made of ice.
  3. Cas are built of glass.
  4. Cats are kept at the zoos.
  5. The Sun is seen at night.

Task 5. Circle the correct item.

  1. She spends / is spent a lot of money for boos.
  2. Here clothes buy / are bought in a fashionable shop.
  3. The hair is cut by / with scissors.
  4. French teaches / is taught in our school.
  5. The email is written by / with my friend.
  6. They usually plan / are planned their journeys.
  7. The tickets book / are booked in the booking-office.
  8. The car is stopped by / with the policeman.
  9. The meat is cut by / with a knife.

Task 6. Change the sentences into the Passive.

  1. People use computers everwhere nowadays.
  2. We take books from the libraries.
  3. They publish this magazine in Odessa.
  4. They show this TV programme every evening.
  5. Pupils finish the academic year in May.
  6. They sell beautiful flowers in this shop.
  7. We play basketball all year round.
  8. He paints the roof of the house every year.