- We report questions with the help of the verbs to ask, to wonder, to want to know.
- In reported questions the subject comes before the verb, as in affirmative sentences.
- The tenses change in reported questions according to the general rules.
- We don’t use the auxiliary verbs do, does, did in reported questions. We don’t put a question mark at the end of reported questions.
- Yes / No questions and alternative Or-questions are reported with the help of the words if, whether.
Direct Yes / No Questions – Reported Yes / No Questions
Study the examples of reported yes / no questions given below.
- “Are you the captain of the school football team?” the new pupil asked Victor. – The new pupil asked Victor if he was the captain of the school football team.
- “Can you drive?” Oliver asked Alec. – Oliver asked Alec if he could drive.
- “Do you live far from the school?” the teacher asked Yvonne. – The teacher asked Yvonne if she lived far from the school.
- “Have you finished reading my book?” Brian asked Helen. – Brian asked Helen whether she had finished reading his book.
- “Did you have a good journey?” we asked our guests. – We asked our guests if they had had a good journey.
- “Will you be sixteen next July?” the girl asked Greg. – The girl asked Greg if he would be sixteen next July.
- “Has the book been translated into Ukrainian?” I asked the teacher. – I asked the teacher whether the book had been translated into Ukrainian.
- “Would you like to go to a movie?” Jim asked Sally. – Jim asked Sally if she would like to go to a movie.
- Would you mind changing your seat?” I asked the girl next to me. – I asked the girl next to me if she would mind changing her seat.
- “Should I do this exercise again?” Larry asked the teacher. – Larry asked the teacher if he should do the exercise again.
- “Would you go to the movie if John invited you?” I asked Helen. – I asked Helen if she would go to the movie if John invited her.
- “Would your brother have become an artist if he had graduated from the art school?” Ian asked Nancy. – Ian asked Nancy if her brother would have become an artist if he had graduated from the art school.
Reported Alternative Questions
Study the examples.
- “Did you pass your exam or did you fail it?” Ruth asked me. – Ruth asked me whether I had passed my exam or failed it.
- When are you coming to see me, on Saturday or on Sunday?” I asked Marina. – I asked Marina when she was coming to see me, on Saturday or on Sunday.
- “Which teacher is more competent: the new or the former one?” mother asked. – Mother asked me which teacher was more competent the new or the former one.
And now have practice.
Exercise 1. Report the questions. Don’t forget to use if or whether.
- Have they sold the picture? – I didn’t know …
- Do they know anything about it? – I wondered …
- Has Jack given you his telephone number? – She asked me …
- Is he coming back today? – I was not sure …
- Have you found the book? – She asked me …
- Are there any more books here? – The man asked …
- Did she go shopping yesterday? – I wanted to know …
- Has she bought the dictionary? – He didn’t ask her …
- Does she know the name of the man? – I doubted …
- Did Bill see the man this morning? – I asked …
Exercise 2. Report yes / no questions. Write reported Yes / No questions
- I said to Mike: “Have you packed your suitcase?”
- I said to Kate: “Did anybody meet you at the station?”
- I said to her: “Can you give me their address?”
- I asked Tom: “Have you had breakfast?”
- I asked my sister: “Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner?”
- I said to my mother: “Did anybody come to see me?”
- I asked my sister: “Will Nick call for you on the way to school?”
- She said to the young man: “Can you call a taxi for me?”
- Mary said to Peter: “Have you shown your photo to Dick?”
- Oliver said to me: “Will you come here tomorrow?”
- He said to us: “Did you go to the museum this morning?”
- I said to Henry: “Does your friend live in London?”
- I said to the man: “Are you staying in a hotel?”
- Nick said to his friend: “Will you stay at the “Hilton”?”
- He said to me: “Do you often go to see your friends?”
- He said to me: “Will you see your friends before you leave Kyiv?”
- Mike said to Jane: “Will you come to the station to see me off?
- She said to me: “Have you sent them an email?”
- She said to me: “Did you send them a parcel?”
- Kate said: “Mike, do you like my new dress?”
- My sister said to me: “Will you take me to the theatre with you tomorrow?”
- “Why don’t you play with your friends, Kate?” said her mother.
- “Do you like chocolates?” said my little sister to me.
- “Did you see your granny yesterday, Kathie?” asked Mr. Brown.
- Father said to Nick: “Have you done your homework?”
Exercise 3. Here there are reported yes / no questions. Restore direct speech.
- I asked him if the doctor had given him some medicine.
- I asked him if he was feeling better now.
- I asked the man how long he had been in Oxford.
- I asked him if he was going to a health resort.
- We asked the girl if her father was still in New York City.
- I asked if they had taken the sick man to hospital.
- I asked my friend if he had a headache.
- I wondered if he had taken his temperature.