The UK in Brief
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Read about the UK in brief
- The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles.
- The country is divided into four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
- The capital of England and of the U. K. is London.
- The capital of Wales is Cardiff.
- The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh.
- The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
- There are no high mountains on the British Isles.
- The Severn is the longest river.
- There are many beautiful lakes mostly in Scotland.
- The climate of the British Isles is not very cold in winter and not very hot in summer.
- The population of the United Kingdom is over 57 million people.
- English is the official language.
- There are four main nationalities in the U. K.: the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish.
- The flag of the United Kingdom is known as Union Jack.
- It is made up of three crosses.
- The upright red cross is the cross of St. George, the patron saint of England.
- The white diagonal cross is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland.
- The red diagonal cross is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.
- Each country has its symbol.
- The symbol of England is a red rose.
- The symbol of Wales is a daffodil.
- The symbol of Scotland is a thistle.
- The symbol of Northern Ireland is a shamrock and a red hand.
- Great Britain is highly industrialized and it has a highly developed agriculture.
- The most important industrial centres are London, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Belfast.
- Administratively Great Britain is divided into 55 counties.
- The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy.
- The Queen is formally at the head of the state.
- But in fact the country is ruled by the Parliament consisting of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
- The members of the House of Lords are not elected by the population.
- The members of the House of Commons are elected for a period of five years.
- The main political parties are the Conservative (the Tory) Party, the Liberal and the Labour Party.
- The party which wins the majority of seats forms the government.
- The Prime Minister is the Head of the government.
- The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs to become the Cabinet of Ministers.
Will you please speak about the UK in brief?