Learn the types of questions  Elementary School

4 основних типи питальних речень в англійській мові:

загальні – general, або Yes / No-questions

Do you like coffee? Does he speak English? Is this a big city? Are they happy? Did you go to school yesterday? Have you done your homework? Has he ever been to England? Had he done cooking before 4 o’clock yesterday? Will you go Spain in summer? Shall I read?

альтернативні – alternative, або Or-questions

Is this a pen or a pencil? Do you like skiing or skating? Does he prefer travelling by plane or by train? Did you do to the cinmea or to the theatre? Will you attend French or German classes? Have they been to Egypt or Turkey?

спеціальні – special, або Wh-questions

  • до всіх членів речення, крім підмета: Where do you live? When do you usually get up? How many siblings have you got? Why do you learn English? What do you usually do at the weekends? Which film do you fancy?
  • до підмета, Who-questions: Who loves reading? What color is your favourite? Who entered the room? Who has done this work?

розділові – disjunctive, або Tag-questions

It’s an interesting story, isn’t it? You are from Poland, aren’t you? You regularly do your homework, don’t you? He played computer games, didn’t he? You will take part in the show, won’t you? He has just returned, hasn’t he? She lives in Kyiv, doesn’t she? I am hungry, aren’t I?

Крім того існують заперечні запитання – negative questions

  • загальні: Isn’t his house near here? Wasn’t he a pilot? Didn’t the doctor tell you?
  • спеціальні: Why didn’t the Dutch inhabit Australia?

Питальні слова и вирази

Who? – Хто? Кого?

Who are you? – Хто ви?

Who do you want to see? – Кого ви хочите бачити?

What? – Що? Який?

What is it? – Що це?

What is your favourite book? – Яка твоя улюблена книга?

What films do you like? – Які фільми тобі подобаються?

What books does he read? – Які книги він читає?

Where? – Де? Куди?

Where is his university? – Де його університет?

Where do you go? – Куди ти йдеш? / Ти куди?

When? – Коли?

When is her birthday? – Коли  у неї день народження?

How? – Як? Яким чином?

How are you? – Як справи?

How do you want to do it? – Яким чином  ти хочеш це зробити?

Why? – Чому?

Why are you so sad? –Чому ти такий сумний?

Whose? – Чий?

Whose dog is it? – Чий  це собака?

Whose bag is it? – Чия це сумка?

Whom? – Кому?

Whom do you trust? – Кому ти довіряєш?

Which? – Котрий?

Which book is mine? – Котра книга моя?

Which colour do you like – red or green? – Котрий колір тобі подобаєтьсячервоний чи зелений?

How many? – Скільки? (із злічуваними іменниками)

How many pencils have you got? – Скільки у тебе олівців?

How many birds do you see? – Скільки пташок ти бачиш?

How much? – Скільки? (із незлічуваними іменниками)

How much flour do we need? – Скільки нам потрібно муки?

How much time do we have? – Скільки часу  у нас є?

How long? – Як довго?

How long does it take? – Як довго це  займе?

Have practice

Put general questions to the sentences.

  1. They make birthday cards.
  2. I like listening to music.
  3. You always sweep the floor.
  4. Her grandparents live in the country.
  5. We have a dishwasher.
  6. Englishmen love their homes.
  7. She feeds her cat.
  8. Tom makes his bed in the morning.
  9. She goes to school by bus.
  10. Helen speaks French.
  11. My granny goes shopping every day.
  12. He has many friends.
  13. There is some juice in the fridge.
  14. There are some apples on the table.
  15. I am hungry.
  16. She is thirsty.
  17. He is good at English.
  18. They are from Canada.
  19. I can read Spanish.
  20. He should help mom about the house.
  21. I have got many friends.
  22. He has got many toys.

Put alternative questions to the sentences.

  1. I do the washing up every day. (do the cooking)
  2. I like singing. (dancing)
  3. She has got a magic umbrella (a magic stick)
  4. They live in London. (Manchester)
  5. She is American. (German)
  6. There are some oranges in the fridge. (bananas)
  7. She wears dresses. (jeans)
  8. He plays football after classes. (basketball)
  9. He can swim well. (dive)
  10. She likes watching cartoons. (he)

Put special questions to the sentences.

  1. They are from Australia. Where ____________________________________________________
  1. His favourite lesson is English. What _________________________________________________
  1. He helps his grandfather. Who_____________________________________________________
  1. They learn new words at the lessons. What _____________________________________________
  1. He gets to school by bus. How______________________________________________________
  1. This is a beautiful purple dress. What colour ___________________________________________
  1. They have got many tomatoes in the garden. How many tomatoes _____________________________
  1. We have got much sausage. How much sausage _________________________________________
  1. He gets up at 7 o’clock. When ______________________________________________________
  1. We should learn English to visit other countries. What_____________________________________
  1. This is my parrot. Whose parrot ____________________________________________________