Great Britain

I’m Maxim and I’d like to tell you about the geographical position of Great Britain.

The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The capital of England is London. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. The capital of Wales is Cardiff. The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast. The capital of the United Kingdom is London.

The UK is situated on the British Isles. This group of islands consists of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and 550 smaller islands around them. The total area is about 244,000 square kilometers. It is separated from the continent of Europe by the English Channel, the narrowest part of which is called the Straight of Dover or Pas de Calais.

The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Irish Sea.

Britain’s main ports are London, Hull, Liverpool, Glasgow and some others.

You will not find high mountains or large plains in Britain. The highest mountain, Ben Nevis, is in Scotland. In the centre of England there is the Pennine Chain which is also known as the ‘backbone of England’. The Cambrian Mountains in Wales and the Cumbrian Mountains in the Lake District in the north of England are not high but amazingly beautiful. The Cheviot Hills mark the boundary between England and Scotland. Scotland is divided into three regions: the Highlands, the Central Lowlands and the Southern Uplands.

There are very many rivers in Great Britain but they are not very long. The main rivers are the Thames, the Severn, the Clyde. The longest river is the Severn, but the most famous is the Thames.

There are many lakes in Great Britain. In Scotland they are called lochs. The most famous lake is Loch Ness in Scotland which is said to have a water monster. The Lake District is one of the most popular holiday places in Great Britain.

Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources. There is oil in the North Sea, coal in Wales and in north of England, non-ferrous metals in the south.

And now it’s your turn to tell about the geographical position of Great Britain.