Constitution Day in Ukraine
Constitution Day is a public holiday across Ukraine, so many businesses, schools, universities and public offices are closed.
The Ukrainian president usually congratulates the country on Constitution Day.
After gaining independence in 1991, following the collapse of the former Soviet Union, Ukraine began drafting a new constitution. The Constitution of Independent Ukraine was adopted on June 28, 1996. This constitution and its adoption established a legal foundation of the independent Ukraine. It was considered progressive in terms of human rights and freedoms for Ukrainians.
The adoption of a new constitution of Ukraine on the 28th of June 1996 became an important event in the life of
the people of Ukraine. Our country has long-standing constitutional traditions.
The Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk or Pacts and Constitutions of Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporizhian Host was a 1710 constitutional document written by Pylyp Orlyk, Hetman, a Cossack of Ukraine.
It established a democratic standard for the separation of powers in government between the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches. The Constitution limited the executive authority of the hetman, and established a democratically elected Cossack parliament called the General Council.
Pylyp Orlyk’s Constitution was unique for its historic period, and was one of the first state constitutions in Europe.