Holy Trinity or Svyata Triytsya, after Christmas and Easter is one of the most revered holidays in Ukraine. It is also called Pyatydesentnytsya (50 days) because the Trinity Day is on the 50th day after Easter.
This holiday is dedicated to the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles on the fiftieth day after the Resurrection of Christ (Easter). This event gave rise to Christianity.
Trinity is a moveable feast celebrating the Holy Trinity, the Christian belief that the nature of God exists as Three Persons — Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, but yet One God.
The first Christian church was built on the place of the descent. Since that time Trinity is considered the birthday of the Christian church.
According to a legend, God created the Earth and beautified it with greens on the Trinity Day.
Holy Trinity Day is a very important religious holiday in Ukraine. It is also known as ‘Green Sunday’.
On Holy Trinity Day people in Ukraine decorate their houses and apartments with calamus (plant) and assorted green branches. This tradition comes from ancient Judaism, in which the Pentecost, the Feast of Harvest, was celebrated outside amongst flourishing Nature. On Holy Trinity Day Ukrainians also go to a cemetery to visit the tombs of relatives and friends who have passed away.
Trinity is a kind of symbol of the return to life. On the time of this wonderful holiday all nature comes to life, blooms and fills up with bright colors and alluring scents.
On this day, Ukrainian people decorate their home with greenery, birch twigs with calamus branches, prepare a festive table and invite guests to come over for celebration. That is why Some people leave food on graves when visiting cemeteries to honor dead relatives and friends.